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Gr​oss Motor

Gross Motor development involves the larger, stronger muscle groups of the body. In early childhood, it is the development of these muscles that enable a baby to hold his/her head up, sit, crawl and eventually walk, run and skip.

Between the ages 3 – 6 months, your child should:

  • Randomly move arms and legs
  • Put hands near eyes and touch mouth
  • Be able to lift his/her head up when on stomach
  • Be able to put weight on arms when on stomach
  • Move head from side to side while lying on back
  • Hold head steady when held in sitting position
  • Sit with little support at the waist
  • Turn him/herself from back to side and tries to roll over
  • Reach out for toys, using left or right hand and puts toys in mouth
  • When on stomach, is able to keep head up, putting weight on arms and turn head from side to side
  • Stand when held, bend knees and support weight with legs
  • Touch knees and feet with hands when lying on back

Between the ages of 6 – 9 months, your child should:

  • Start rolling back to front and visa versa
  • Be able to sit by her/himself
  • Be able to pivot and creep on stomach
  • Start standing stiff legged while holding onto furniture

Between the ages of 9 – 12 months, your child should:

  • Be able to crawl over and around objects
  • Start to cruise around furniture
  • Move from sitting to lying down
  • Pull to stand while holding onto furniture
  • Walk with 2 hands held

Red Flags for Gross Motor Development (0-12 months)

If you notice or are concerned about some of the following things about your baby, you may want to talk to your physician or another health professional.

  • Baby’s head is flat
  • Baby doesn’t turn his/her head to both sides
  • Baby feels stiff
  • Baby is not meeting developmental milestones
  • Baby uses one side of his/her body more than the other
  • Baby’s skills are regressing
  • Something appears wrong with baby’s legs and/or feet

If you have concerns about your child, please feel free to contact us to speak to a professional. You can also make a referral to our program at anytime. 

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